The goal of UNDP project is to conduct a large-scale and comprehensive review of the public transport sector in Kazakhstan with a focus on urban transport. The analysis is based on previous work on the sustainable urban transport development strategy for 2013–2023 for Almaty, as well as subsequent proposals for amendments to the legislation that could facilitate decision-making and improve funding opportunities for improving the infrastructure of urban transport. The designation “urban public transport” is used in the report to describe the systems and their facilities, including facilities and equipment (both mobile and stationary) for the implementation of the necessary urban passenger traffic. They include road and rail modes of transport available in different parts of the cities (buses, trolley buses, subways, light rail), as well as pedestrian and bicycle modes of movement. From the point of view of a complete transport system, private cars were included in the approach, as they also share the road space. A broader definition includes parking management schemes, bicycle road networks and parking facilities, pedestrian safety and related guidance. The level of development of public transport directly affects the options for the development of urban mobility, which are and depend on the availability of a developed infrastructure, a sustainable transport system, the level of organization and management of public transport, a high level of quality and safety of transport systems.
The prepared report of ETC Transport Consultants GmbH with BDC Consulting includes the results of a comprehensive analysis, as well as recommendations prepared for improving the public transport sector and the corresponding sector development strategy based on international experience and current practice in Kazakhstan. These recommendations are aimed at improving the legislative, regulatory and institutional frameworks, as well as building capacity to promote the development of sustainable public transport and reduce emissions of harmful substances from traffic in Kazakhstan.